Question: Which Of The Following Is A Public Document?

What is secondary evidence?

Secondary evidence is evidence that has been reproduced from an original document or substituted for an original item.

For example, a photocopy of a document or photograph would be considered secondary evidence.

Nevertheless, a court may allow a party to introduce secondary evidence in a number of situations..

What is an example of a public document?

Some Examples of Public Documents Some of the examples of public documents are birth register, electoral roll, RTI reports, records of banks, charge sheet, deposition of witness, entry in Register of Power of attorney, notice under Section 107 of CrPC, record of information under Section 145 of CrPC.

What is the difference between public and private documents?

Difference Between Public and Private Documents Private Document is in the hands of the individual to whom the document belongs to and is not available for inspection to the general public. Public Documents are proved by Secondary Evidence. Private Documents are proved by original i.e. Primary Evidence.

What is the importance of fir?

Each FIR is important as it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police take up investigation of most types of cases. Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognisable offence, including police officers, can file an FIR.

Is PAN card a public document?

Permanent account number (PAN) card (income tax) Driving license in India issued by the states. Ration card issued by the Government of India. … Service Identity Card issued by State/Central Government, Public Sector Undertakings, local bodies or public Limited Companies.

What is public document under Indian Evidence Act?

According to Section 74 of the Evidence Act, public documents are the documents forming the acts or records of the acts of the sovereign authority, official bodies and tribunals, and of public offices, legislative, judicial and executive of any part of India or of the commonwealth, or of a foreign country.

Is sale deed a public document?

A sale deed is a private document, but the record of the sale deed kept in the office of the Sub-Registrar is a public record of that private document and hence it falls within the category of ‘Public document’. Therefore, to prove the document, certified copy of the deed is admissible.

Is fir a public document?

“FIR is a public document, however, to obtain a copy of FIR from the police is not an easy task for the general public.

Which document is an invitation to general public?

A document construed to be a prospectus should be issued to the public.

What are primary and secondary evidence?

Primary Evidence is original document which is presented to the court for its inspection. Secondary Evidence is the document which is not original document but those documents which are mentioned in Section. 63. … Giving Primary Evidence is general rule. Giving Secondary Evidence is exception to the general rule.

What do you mean by public document?

Public documents are those which is made by the public servant during the course of performing his duty and these documents are also documents published by the sovereign authority and the legislature.

Is a certified copy the same as an original?

A certified copy does not verify the authenticity of the original document, only that the copy is a true copy of what appears to be an original document to the Notary Public. Of course, Certified Copies can only be made of documents that are original.

Is post mortem report a public document?

The report cannot be held to be a record of Medical Officer of his official “Act” for the use of the public. It is well settled that the post-mortem report or an injury report is not substantive evidence. It has to be proved by the maker of it. It cannot, therefore, be termed as a public document as envisaged under S.

How many types of fir are there?

two kindsThere are two kinds of FIRs as per Criminal Procedure Code.

Can a private document be converted to a public documents?

The notarization of a document carries considerable legal effect. Notarization of a private document converts such document into a public one, and renders it admissible in court without further proof of its authenticity.

What is First Information Report in India?

First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. … It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf.